The Constitutionalization of European Private Law: Gateways, Constraints, and Challenges

European Review of Private Law, Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 797-827, 2015

University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper 2016-03

39 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2016 Last revised: 31 Jan 2017

See all articles by Olha O. Cherednychenko

Olha O. Cherednychenko

University of Groningen - Faculty of Law

Norbert Reich

University of Bremen - Faculty of Law

Date Written: October 12, 2015

Abstract

It seems to be undisputed today that the harmonization of private law in Europe cannot take place without taking fundamental rights into account. Yet many questions still exist as to how and to what extent EU and national private law can and should be influenced by fundamental rights enshrined in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. This contribution aims to explore gateways to the EU constitutionalization of private law, constraints thereon, and challenges posed thereby, with a particular focus on contract law in the consumer, employment, and financial services context. After a methodological introduction explaining the special nature of the fundamental rights protection in the EU legal order (s. 1), the authors develop a general framework within which the EU constitutionalization of private law takes place (s. 2). Subsequently, they proceed to examine the fundamental rights scrutiny of EU law and national laws within the scope of EU law (s. 3), the interpretation and application of EU law and national law within its scope in conformity with fundamental rights (s. 4), as well as the controversial concepts of the positive obligations to protect fundamental rights in private relationships (s. 5) and the direct horizontal effect of fundamental rights (s. 6). The contribution concludes with some final observations (s. 7).

Keywords: EU Charter of fundamental rights, fundamental rights, European private law, constitutionalization of private law

Suggested Citation

Cherednychenko, Olha O. and Reich, Norbert, The Constitutionalization of European Private Law: Gateways, Constraints, and Challenges (October 12, 2015). European Review of Private Law, Vol. 23, No. 5, pp. 797-827, 2015 , University of Groningen Faculty of Law Research Paper 2016-03, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2719739

Olha O. Cherednychenko (Contact Author)

University of Groningen - Faculty of Law ( email )

9700 AS Groningen
Netherlands

Norbert Reich

University of Bremen - Faculty of Law ( email )

PO Box 330440
Bremen, 28334
Germany

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