Monitoring and Enforcement of the Rule of Law in the EU: Rhetoric and Reality
European Constitutional Law Review, Volume 11, Issue 3, December 2015, pp 512-540
31 Pages Posted: 23 Jan 2016 Last revised: 2 Dec 2016
Date Written: December 2016
This article offers a comprehensive examination of the rationale underlying the rule of law framework adopted by the Commission in March 2014 before outlining its main features. It is argued that while the Commission’s ‘light-touch’ framework falls short of what is required to effectively address internal threats to EU values of a systemic nature, it remains preferable to the new mechanism adopted by the Council in December 2014 and which consists of holding an annual rule of law dialogue among all Member States within the Council. To make the Commission’s framework more workable and effective, which should in turn increase its ‘dissuasive potential’, a number of modest recommendations are also offered at a time where an increasing number of voices are asking the Commission to activate the first phase its new mechanism in relation to Hungary and more recently, Poland.
Keywords: European Union, European Union Values, Rule of Law
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