Child Care Choices, Food Intake, and Children's Obesity Status in the United States

Posted: 23 Jan 2016

See all articles by Bidisha Mandal

Bidisha Mandal

Washington State University - School of Economic Sciences

Lisa M. Powell

University of Illinois at Chicago - Department of Health Policy and Administration (HPA)

Date Written: 2014

Abstract

This article studies two pathways in which selection into different types of child care settings may affect likelihood of childhood obesity. Frequency of intake of high energy-dense and low energy-dense food items may vary across care settings, affecting weight outcomes. We find that increased use of paid and regulated care settings, such as center care and Head Start, is associated with higher consumption of fruits and vegetables. Among children from single-mother households, the probability of obesity increases by 15 percentage point with an increase in intake of soft drinks from four to six times a week to daily consumption and by 25 percentage point with an increase in intake of fast food from one to three times a week to four to six times a week. Among children from two-parent households, eating vegetables one additional time a day is associated with 10 percentage point decreased probability of obesity, while one additional drink of juice a day is associated with 10 percentage point increased probability of obesity. Second, variation across care types could be manifested through differences in the structure of the physical environment not captured by differences in food intake alone. This type of effect is found to be marginal and is statistically significant among children from two-parent households only. Data are used from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study – Birth Cohort surveys (N=10,700; years=2001-2008). Children’s age ranged from four to six years in the sample.

Suggested Citation

Mandal, Bidisha and Powell, Lisa M., Child Care Choices, Food Intake, and Children's Obesity Status in the United States (2014). Economics & Human Biology, Vol. 14, pp. 50-61, 2014, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2719779

Bidisha Mandal (Contact Author)

Washington State University - School of Economic Sciences ( email )

Pullman, WA 99164
United States

Lisa M. Powell

University of Illinois at Chicago - Department of Health Policy and Administration (HPA) ( email )

1747 W. Roosevelt Road
MC 275
Chicago, IL 60608
United States

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