Ni Chicha Ni Limoná: Party Nationalization in Pre- and Post-Authoritarian Chile

Morgenstern, Scott; John Polga-Hecimovich; Peter M Siavelis. "Ni Chicha ni Limona: Party Nationalization in Pre- and Post-Authoritarian Chile." 2014, Party Politics. Vol. 20(5) 751-766

30 Pages Posted: 24 Jan 2016

See all articles by Scott J. Morgenstern

Scott J. Morgenstern

University of Pittsburgh - Department of Political Science

John Polga-Hecimovich

United States Naval Academy - Department of Political Science

Peter Siavelis

Wake Forest University

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

Chile’s parties have been characterized as ‘European’ in their development and institutionalization, but ‘Latin American’ in their high degree of political localism. Yet the specialized literature has not tested these tendencies nor developed a theory as to how they may coexist. Using the concept of party nationalization, we establish the veracity of the claims in the literature and propose a theory of static and dynamic nationalization development. We show that, as in Western European systems, Chile’s political parties exhibited progressive static nationalization until 1973. Since re-democratization, parties have demonstrated low levels of static nationalization, while the coalitions are highly nationalized. Concurrently, both parties and the coalitions have exhibited low levels of dynamic nationalization like parties throughout Latin America. We argue that these conflicting patterns are due to the interactive effect of functional cleavages and electoral institutions.

Keywords: political parties, party nationalization, Chile, elections

Suggested Citation

Morgenstern, Scott J. and Polga-Hecimovich, John and Siavelis, Peter, Ni Chicha Ni Limoná: Party Nationalization in Pre- and Post-Authoritarian Chile (2012). Morgenstern, Scott; John Polga-Hecimovich; Peter M Siavelis. "Ni Chicha ni Limona: Party Nationalization in Pre- and Post-Authoritarian Chile." 2014, Party Politics. Vol. 20(5) 751-766. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2721032

Scott J. Morgenstern (Contact Author)

University of Pittsburgh - Department of Political Science ( email )

4L01 Posvar Hall
Pittsburgh, PA 15260
United States

John Polga-Hecimovich

United States Naval Academy - Department of Political Science ( email )

Annapolis, MD
United States
410-293-2996 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.johnpolga.com

Peter Siavelis

Wake Forest University ( email )

2601 Wake Forest Road
Winston-Salem, NC 27109
United States

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