The Role of Work Experience and Self-Efficacy in STEM Student Selection

Journal of Excellence in College Teaching, 26(4): 29-50, 2015

Northeastern U. D’Amore-McKim School of Business Research Paper No. 2721353

31 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2016

See all articles by Joseph A. Raelin

Joseph A. Raelin

Northeastern University - D’Amore-McKim School of Business; University of Cape Town (UCT) - Graduate School of Business

Margaret Bailey

Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT)

Jerry Hamann

University of Wyoming

Leslie Pendleton

Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University

Rachelle Reisberg

Northeastern University

David Whitman

University of Wyoming

Date Written: 2015

Abstract

The authors report the results of a three-year longitudinal study of retention among undergraduate engineering students enrolled at four major universities. The study demonstrates that self-efficacy can be a critical factor in student persistence and can be broken down into three components: work, career, and academic self-efficacy. The authors explain the relationship between two of these forms of efficacy and retention and also explore the contributing roles of gender, academic support, and work experience along with its accompanying instruction. Of note, both the quantity and quality of co-op placements in addition to efficacy and support were found to sustain collegiate persistence.

Keywords: student retention, self-efficacy, work self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy, college persistance, cooperative education, contextual support, women in engineering

JEL Classification: I20, I21, J24, M12, M53

Suggested Citation

Raelin, Joseph A. and Bailey, Margaret and Hamann, Jerry and Pendleton, Leslie and Reisberg, Rachelle and Whitman, David, The Role of Work Experience and Self-Efficacy in STEM Student Selection (2015). Journal of Excellence in College Teaching, 26(4): 29-50, 2015, Northeastern U. D’Amore-McKim School of Business Research Paper No. 2721353, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2721353

Joseph A. Raelin (Contact Author)

Northeastern University - D’Amore-McKim School of Business ( email )

360 Huntington Ave.
Boston, MA 02115
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.leaderfulconsultancy.com

University of Cape Town (UCT) - Graduate School of Business ( email )

Cape Town, Western Cape
South Africa

Margaret Bailey

Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) ( email )

Rochester, NY 14623
United States

Jerry Hamann

University of Wyoming ( email )

Box 3434 University Station
Laramie, WY 82070
United States

Leslie Pendleton

Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University ( email )

250 Drillfield Drive
Blacksburg, VA 24061
United States

Rachelle Reisberg

Northeastern University ( email )

220 B RP
Boston, MA 02115
United States

David Whitman

University of Wyoming ( email )

Box 3434 University Station
Laramie, WY 82070
United States

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