Unrestricted Market Access for Sub-Saharan Africa: How Much is it Worth and Who Pays?

33 Pages Posted: 5 Jun 2001

See all articles by Elena Ianchovichina

Elena Ianchovichina

World Bank

Aaditya Mattoo

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG)

Marcelo Olarreaga

University of Geneva; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 2001

Abstract

Initiatives to improve market access for the poorest countries have recently been announced by the European Union, Japan and the United States. This Paper assesses the impact on Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) of these initiatives and others that might be taken. We find that fully unrestricted access to all the QUAD countries would produce substantial gains for SSA, leading to a 14% increase in non-oil exports ($2.5 billion) and boosting real incomes in SSA by around 1%. Most of these gains would come from preferential access to the highly protected Japanese and European agricultural markets. The smallness of SSA ensures that the costs of trade diversion for the QUAD and other developing countries are negligible.

Keywords: Duty-free access, least developed countries, Sub-Saharan Africa

JEL Classification: F11, F13

Suggested Citation

Ianchovichina, Elena and Mattoo, Aaditya and Olarreaga, Marcelo, Unrestricted Market Access for Sub-Saharan Africa: How Much is it Worth and Who Pays? (April 2001). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 2820. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=272201

Elena Ianchovichina (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-8910 (Phone)
202-522-1159 (Fax)

Aaditya Mattoo

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Room MC 3-327
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-8047 (Phone)
202-676-9810 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/amattoo

Marcelo Olarreaga

University of Geneva ( email )

40 Boulevard du Pont-d'Arve
Genève, CH - 1205
Switzerland

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

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