Islam and Chinesness a Closer Look at Minority Moslems in Modern China Historiography

Epistemé, Vol. 10, No. 2, December 2015

22 Pages Posted: 27 Jan 2016

See all articles by Achmad Ubaedillah

Achmad Ubaedillah

Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University (UIN) - Faculty of Social and Political Sciences

Date Written: January 27, 2016

Abstract

English Abstract: This paper will address a historiographical review on how non-Chinese scholars, mostly those Western specialists, describe minority Moslem of Hui in the scholarly narration of modern China. Four scholarly works on China Moslems are comparatively discussed. Although the Hui have formally been recognized as the minority group within the Han majority, Chinese historical materials on Hui are not significant. Recently, works on Hui either written by local or non-Chinese scholars remain artificial, but they are necessarily important to be explored. There has been dominantly known scholars consider two perspectives in dealing with Islam and Chineseness in China, the compatibility and incompatibility of Islam with the Chinese tradition and values, where both are respectively represented by the minority Hui and the majority Han. Finally, in term of understanding Chinese Moslem in modern China, the paper will urge the importance of deploying mixed perspectives and of making Chinese-centered perspective the matter of writting local history while incorporating the minority within the wider historical narration of the majority of Han and the Islamic world.

Indonesian Abstract: Artikel ini akan menyajikan pembahasan historiografi tentang bagaimana ilmuwan non-Cina (maksudnya Barat) menjelaskan keberadaan kaum minoritas Muslim Cina (Hui) dalam penulisan sejarah Cina modern. Empat karya ilmuwan Barat tentang Muslim Cina tersebut akan dibandingkan.

Sekalipun kelompok Hui Muslim secara formal telah diakui sebagai bagian dari mayoritas Han, narasi sejarah tentang Hui masih kalah banyak dibandingkan dengan kelompok mayoritas. Karya-karya yang ada saat ini tentang Hui baik ditulis oleh ahli asli Cina maupun asing masih belum memadai, tetapi penting untuk disajikan. Terdapat dua pendekatan di kalangan akademisi yang dominan digunakan, yakni kesesuaian dan ketidaksesuaian Islam dan tradisi Cina dalam menjelaskan keberadaan Islam dan Cina yang diwakili masing-masing oleh kelompok Hui dan kelompok Han. Setelah membandingkan keempat karya akademisi non-Cina atas Hui, akan ditutup dengan usulan pentingnya menggunakan berbagai pendekatan dalam memahami sejarah lokal Hui, yang sepatutnya peranan mereka harus lebih ditonjolkan dalam konteks keterkaitan antara minoritas dengan sejarah mayoritas dan dunia Islam.

Keywords: Islam, Hui, Han, Modern China, Umma

JEL Classification: Z00

Suggested Citation

Ubaedillah, Achmad, Islam and Chinesness a Closer Look at Minority Moslems in Modern China Historiography (January 27, 2016). Epistemé, Vol. 10, No. 2, December 2015. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2723021

Achmad Ubaedillah (Contact Author)

Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University (UIN) - Faculty of Social and Political Sciences ( email )

Indonesia

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