Desigualdades Educativas En América Latina, PISA 2012: Causas De Las Diferencias En Desempeño Escolar Entre Los Colegios Públicos Y Privados (Educational Inequalities in Latin America, PISA 2012: Causes of Differences in School Performance Between Public and Private Schools)

Documentos De Trabajo FCEA, No. 19, 2016

36 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2016

See all articles by Geovanny Castro Aristizabal

Geovanny Castro Aristizabal

Pontifical University Javeriana Cali

Gregorio Esteban

University of Zaragoza

Domingo Ximénez-de-Embún

University of Zaragoza - Department of Economic Analysis

Date Written: February 1, 2016

Abstract

Spanish Abstract: El presente trabajo constata y explica las causas de las diferencias en resultados escolares entre centros educativos públicos y privados de América Latina. Para ello, se utiliza información de los 8 países latinoamericanos que participaron en PISA 2012. Las estimaciones de variables instrumentales en dos etapas, combinadas con la técnica de descomposición de Oaxaca-Blinder, revelan que Uruguay y Brasil presentaron la mayor brecha educativa, y Colombia y México la menor. Dichas divergencias fueron causadas, en mayor medida, por el componente observado del modelo. Específicamente, fueron las diferencias en las características individuales, los factores que originaron, en mayor proporción, las brechas en desempeño; seguidas de las características familiares, y los recursos de los centros educativos. Además, la descomposición en el componente no observado sugiere que los estudiantes de los colegios privados hacen un mejor uso de los medios educativos que tienen en sus hogares, así como de los recursos de sus centros.

English Abstract: The paper notes and explains the causes of the differences in school performance between public and private schools in Latin America. It uses information from the 8 Latin American countries that participated in PISA 2012. The estimations, two steps with instrumental variables, combined with the technique of the Oaxaca-Blinder’s decomposition, reveal that Uruguay and Brazil had the highest education gap, and Colombia and Mexico the lowest. These differences are explained, mainly, by the observed component of the model. Specifically, the differences in individual characteristics explain the greater proportion of the gaps in performance; followed by family characteristics and resources of the schools. In addition, the decomposition in the no-observed component suggests that students from private schools make better use of the educational resources, both in their homes and in their schools.

Note: Downloadable document is in Spanish.

Keywords: academic achievement, public and private education, educational production function, instrumental variables, Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition, PISA, Latin America. Palabras clave: Palabras Clave: Rendimiento escolar, resultados escolares, educación pública y privada, función de producción educativa, var

JEL Classification: C29, I21, I24, I28, I29.

Suggested Citation

Castro Aristizabal, Geovanny and Esteban, Gregorio and Ximénez-de-Embún, Domingo, Desigualdades Educativas En América Latina, PISA 2012: Causas De Las Diferencias En Desempeño Escolar Entre Los Colegios Públicos Y Privados (Educational Inequalities in Latin America, PISA 2012: Causes of Differences in School Performance Between Public and Private Schools) (February 1, 2016). Documentos De Trabajo FCEA, No. 19, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2724044

Geovanny Castro Aristizabal (Contact Author)

Pontifical University Javeriana Cali ( email )

Cl 18 # 118-250
Cali, Valle del Cauca 000
Colombia

Gregorio Esteban

University of Zaragoza ( email )

Gran Via 2
Zaragoza, 50005
Spain

Domingo Ximénez-de-Embún

University of Zaragoza - Department of Economic Analysis ( email )

Gran Vía 2
Facultad de Economía y Empresa
Zaragoza, 50005
Spain
+34876554785 (Phone)

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