Organisationsmängel in der Praxis – Ausgewählte Aspekte zu Art. 731b OR aus Sicht des Handelsregisters und der Rechtsprechung [Defects in the Organization of Companies According to Article 731b of the Swiss Code of Obligations – Advice from the Commercial Registrar and Relevant Case Law]

Aktuelle Juristische Praxis, Vol. 25, pp. 42-58, 2016

17 Pages Posted: 1 Feb 2016 Last revised: 2 Feb 2016

See all articles by Lukas Mueller

Lukas Mueller

University of St. Gallen; University of Zurich - Rechtswissenschaftliches Institut (School of Law)

Pascal Mueller

Kanton Obwalden

Date Written: January 25, 2016

Abstract

German Abstract: Zahlreiche Gerichts- und Verwaltungsverfahren werden Woche für Woche eingeleitet, um Organisationsmängel von Gesellschaften nach Art. 731b OR und Art. 154 HRegV zu beheben. Wenn dies nicht gelingt, erfolgt letztlich die Konkurseröffnung. Dieser Aufsatz zeigt einen Überblick über Problemstellungen, die in der Praxis oft anzutreffen sind und welche die Gesellschaften vermeiden sollten. Des Weiteren ist darauf hinzuweisen, dass Gläubiger oder Gesellschafter, die anstelle des Handelsregisteramts ein Organisationsmängelverfahren einleiten, mit Prozesskostenrisiken konfrontiert werden. Erwähnenswert ist zudem der Entwurf zur Modernisierung des Handelsregisterrechts: Das fehlende oder gelöschte Domizil einer Gesellschaft wird de lege lata in einem registerrechtlichen Verwaltungsverfahren behoben; de lege ferenda soll dies mit dem Gerichtsverfahren nach Art. 731b OR gelöst werden und auf alle im Handelsregister eingetragenen Rechtseinheiten Anwendung finden.

English Abstract: Week after week, many lawsuits are being filed due to defects in the organization of companies. If a company does not have the required corporate body (for example, a board of directors or a mandatory auditor) or if the composition of one of these corporate bodies does not comply with the law, Article 731b of the Swiss Code of Obligations (CO) and Article 154 of the Ordinance of the Commercial Register (OCR) require that the commercial registrar requests the court to take the required measures if these companies do not remedy their organizational defects. The court may then allow the company a period of time within which to re-establish the lawful condition, appoint the required corporate body or administrator, or dissolve the company and adjudicate its liquidation according to the Bankruptcy Code. This article provides an outline of fact patterns, which are very common in legal practice. Using this overview, companies may find guidance on how to prevent proceedings according to Article 731b CO and Article 154 OCR. Moreover, this article highlights that creditors and shareholders face the risk of paying the legal fees and court fees involved even in the event of a successful court proceeding. Such cost risk is unusual in light of the existing fee-shifting regime in Swiss Civil Procedure Law. In addition, it is noteworthy that the Draft Law on the “Modernization of the Commercial Register Law” will introduce certain improvements in this area. In particular, if a company is unable to establish domicile, under current law, an administrative proceeding under the control of the commercial registrar is used. De lege ferenda, a formal legal proceeding in court shall be used. It is expected that this will improve due process and result in better outcomes.

Note: Downloadable document is in German.

Keywords: Corporate Governance, Organisationsmängel, Organisation, Gesellschaftsrecht, Konkursrecht, Zivilprozessrecht, defects in the organization, corporate law, legal entity, Art. 731b OR, Art. 154 HRegV, Handelsregister, Commercial Register, Commercial Registrar, Litigation, Prozessführung

JEL Classification: G30, G33, G38, K00, K13, K22, K23, K40, K41, K42, M41

Suggested Citation

Mueller, Lukas and Mueller, Pascal, Organisationsmängel in der Praxis – Ausgewählte Aspekte zu Art. 731b OR aus Sicht des Handelsregisters und der Rechtsprechung [Defects in the Organization of Companies According to Article 731b of the Swiss Code of Obligations – Advice from the Commercial Registrar and Relevant Case Law] (January 25, 2016). Aktuelle Juristische Praxis, Vol. 25, pp. 42-58, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2724438

Lukas Mueller (Contact Author)

University of St. Gallen ( email )

Varnbüelstrasse 19
St. Gallen, 9000
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.alexandria.unisg.ch/persons/Lukas_Mueller3

University of Zurich - Rechtswissenschaftliches Institut (School of Law) ( email )

Ramistrasse 74
CH-8001 Zurich
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.lexwiki.ch/author/lukas-mueller/

Pascal Mueller

Kanton Obwalden ( email )

State Chancellery, City Hall
Sarnen, 6061
Switzerland

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