The Pricing and Performance of Supercharged IPOs
64 Pages Posted: 2 Feb 2016 Last revised: 25 Oct 2018
Date Written: October 12, 2018
This study examines a new form of initial public offerings, “supercharged” IPOs, where a firm organized pre-IPO as a pass-through entity undergoes a series of transactions that steps-up the adjusted tax basis of the IPO firm’s assets. This step-up imposes tax liabilities on pre-IPO owners but also creates significant future tax benefits for the firm; the average anticipated deferred tax asset is $486 million ($13 per share) for our sample of supercharged IPO firms. Pursuant to tax receivable agreements, supercharged IPO firms pay a large portion of these tax benefits to pre-IPO owners as they are realized in the future. Future firm performance must be sufficiently strong for the IPO firm and the pre-IPO owners to realize the future tax benefits created by the supercharged transaction structure. We hypothesize and provide evidence of higher IPO offer prices and stronger future performance for supercharged IPO firms relative to traditional IPO firms.
Keywords: supercharged IPO, deferred tax assets, up-C, tax receivable agreement
JEL Classification: G14, G32, G34, H25
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation