Collaborative Practice in a Global Health Context: Common Themes from Developed and Developing Countries

Journal of Interprofessional Care, September 2010, 24(5)

11 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2016

See all articles by Sharon Mickan

Sharon Mickan

Oxford Brookes University

Steven Hoffman

York University; Harvard University

Louise Nasmith

University of British Columbia (UBC) - College of Health Disciplines

Date Written: September 2010

Abstract

This paper reports on a study commissioned by the World Health Organization (WHO) to explore common themes of collaborative practice. The WHO requested global clarification of (1) the nature of collaborative practice, (2) its perceived importance, and (3) strategies for systematizing collaborative practice throughout national health systems. While there are many interpretations of collaborative practice around the world, there was a need to ascertain common underlying themes that illustrate good practice in both developed and developing countries to inform an international Framework for Action. A multiple case study design was used to examine collaborative practice in primary health care and commonalities across countries. Staff at each of WHO’s six regional offices invited key informants in or two primary health care organizations where collaborative practice was the model of care to complete case studies. Ten case studies were received from ten different countries, representing all six WHO regions. The results are described according to the study’s three areas of focus: describing collaborative practice globally, the shared importance of collaborative practice, and systematizing collaborative practice. Collaborative practice requires a strong political framework that encourages interprofessional education and teamworking. Shared governance models and enabling legislation are required. At a practical level, interprofessional health care teams function most efficiently with shared clinical pathways and a common patient record.

Keywords: world, health, organization, WHO, collaboration, collaborative, global, team, framework, interprofessional, educatio, governance

Suggested Citation

Mickan, Sharon and Hoffman, Steven and Nasmith, Louise, Collaborative Practice in a Global Health Context: Common Themes from Developed and Developing Countries (September 2010). Journal of Interprofessional Care, September 2010, 24(5). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2726339

Sharon Mickan

Oxford Brookes University ( email )

Gipsy Lane
Headington
Oxon. OX33 1HX, OX3 0BP
United Kingdom

Steven Hoffman (Contact Author)

York University ( email )

Global Strategy Lab
4700 Keele Street
Toronto, Ontario M3J 1P3
Canada
+1-416-736-2100 ext 33364 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.globalstrategylab.org/people/steven-hoffman

Harvard University ( email )

Department of Global Health & Population
665 Huntington Avenue, Building 1, Room 1104
Boston, MA 02115
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/steven-hoffman/

Louise Nasmith

University of British Columbia (UBC) - College of Health Disciplines ( email )

Canada

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