Liquidity Risk Contagion in the Interbank Market
33 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2016 Last revised: 26 Aug 2016
Date Written: May 25, 2016
This paper studies liquidity risk contagion within the interbank market by assessing the long-run relationship of short-term interest rate spreads from January 2002 to December 2015. In particular, we model the interaction between the LIBOR-OIS spread, euro fixed-float OIS swap rate and the three-month US-German bond spread and discover strong evidence of structural innovations affecting the interbank market. We find that when the short-term interbank market is affected by a liquidity shock, the LIBOR-OIS spread is a leader in moving back to equilibrium, while the euro fixed-float OIS swap rate and the US-German bond spreads are followers. Moreover, we find long-run cointegrating relationships and bi-directional causality between the spreads. However, structural breaks identified as prospective financial crises affect the long-run relationships and liquidity shocks drive interbank rates and spread fluctuations. Therefore, liquidity shocks propagating within the interbank market can forecast benchmark interest movements and ultimately this has significant implications for policymakers and market players alike.
Keywords: Interbank market, Liquidity shocks, Structural breaks, Financial crisis, Contagion
JEL Classification: C32, G15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation