Estimating Effects of 2007 Family Policy Changes on Probability of Second and Subsequent Births in Russia

31 Pages Posted: 4 Feb 2016

See all articles by Svetlana Biryukova

Svetlana Biryukova

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Oxana Sinyavskaya

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Irina Nurimanova

National Research University Higher School of Economics

Date Written: February 3, 2016

Abstract

From 2007 to 2014 total fertility rate in Russia increased from 1.42 to 1.75. To what extent this growth is related to a package of family policy measures introduced in 2007? Although the maternity (family) capital program is the most well-known innovation of the 2007 reform, we argue that the new rules of monthly childcare allowance assignment is its another major component. Since all measures were introduced simultaneously, it is only possible to estimate their cumulative effect on subsequent fertility behavior. Using panel Russian Generations and Gender Survey data collected in 2004, 2007 and 2011, this study assesses how family policy changes introduced in 2007 were related to the fertility behavior in Russia in recent years. We find a statistically significant increase in the chances of having second and subsequent births in September 2007 to Summer 2011 in comparison with the period of Summer 2004 to September 2007. We interpret that as a cumulative effect of the 2007 policy changes. We acknowledge that the observed effects might be related only to the calendar shifts in fertility behavior and further data and studies are needed to make any conclusions about completed fertility of the cohorts affected by 2007 family policy measures.

Keywords: Family Policy, Pro-Natalist Policy, Russian Maternity Capital Program, Fertility, Births, Generations and Gender Survey, Russia

JEL Classification: J13

Suggested Citation

Biryukova, Svetlana and Sinyavskaya, Oxana and Nurimanova, Irina, Estimating Effects of 2007 Family Policy Changes on Probability of Second and Subsequent Births in Russia (February 3, 2016). Higher School of Economics Research Paper No. WP BRP 68/SOC/2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2727130 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2727130

Svetlana Biryukova (Contact Author)

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Oxana Sinyavskaya

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

Irina Nurimanova

National Research University Higher School of Economics ( email )

Myasnitskaya street, 20
Moscow, Moscow 119017
Russia

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