Monetary Policy in a Developing Country: Loan Applications and Real Effects
37 Pages Posted: 3 Feb 2016
Date Written: December 2015
The transmission of monetary policy to credit aggregates and the real economy can be impaired by weaknesses in the contracting environment, shallow financial markets, and a concentrated banking system. We empirically assess the bank lending channel in Uganda during 2010-2014 using a supervisory dataset of loan applications and granted loans. Our analysis focuses on a short period during which the policy rate rose by 1,000 basis points and then came down by 1,200 basis points. We find that an increase in interest rates reduces the supply of bank credit both on the extensive and intensive margins, and there is significant pass-through to retail lending rates. We document a strong bank balance sheet channel, as the lending behavior of banks with high capital and liquidity is different from that of banks with low capital and liquidity. Finally, we show the impact of monetary policy on real activity across districts depends on banking sector conditions. Overall, our results indicate significant real effects of the bank lending channel in developing countries.
Keywords: Monetary policy transmission, Bank lending channel, Bank balance sheet channel, Developing countries, bank, banks, credit, lending, interest, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), All Countries,
JEL Classification: E41, E44, E52, E58, E42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation