The Distribution of Consumption Expenditure in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Inequality Among All Africans

34 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul

La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul

International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Christoph Lakner

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG); University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Date Written: February 3, 2016

Abstract

This paper uses a set of national household surveys to study the regional Sub-Saharan Africa distribution of consumption expenditure among individuals during 1993 to 2008. The analysis puts the disparities in living standards that exist among persons in Africa into context with the disparities that exist within and between African countries. Regional interpersonal inequality has increased (from a Gini index of 52 percent in 1993 to 56 percent in 2008), driven by increasing disparities in living standards across countries, while there has been no systematic increase in within-country inequality. For the African distribution as a whole, growth of consumption expenditure (from household surveys) has been low (around 1 percent per year). This growth has been uneven and as a result the richest 5 percent of Africans received around 40 percent of the total gains, while the bottom third stagnated.

Keywords: Pro-Poor Growth, Equity and Development, Achieving Shared Growth

Suggested Citation

Jirasavetakul, La-Bhus Fah and Lakner, Christoph, The Distribution of Consumption Expenditure in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Inequality Among All Africans (February 3, 2016). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 7557, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2727540

La-Bhus Fah Jirasavetakul (Contact Author)

International Monetary Fund (IMF) ( email )

700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20431
United States

Christoph Lakner

World Bank - Development Research Group (DECRG) ( email )

1818 H. Street, N.W.
MSN3-311
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.worldbank.org/en/about/people/christoph-lakner

University of Oxford - Department of Economics

Manor Road Building
Manor Road
Oxford, OX1 3BJ
United Kingdom

Here is the Coronavirus
related research on SSRN

Paper statistics

Downloads
49
Abstract Views
263
PlumX Metrics