How Prevalent and Profitable are Latency Arbitrage Opportunities on U.S. Stock Exchanges?

30 Pages Posted: 10 Feb 2016

Date Written: February 8, 2016

Abstract

In this study, I examine the prevalence of latency arbitrage opportunities that arise due to the fragmentation of trading across multiple exchanges. I analyze order and quote data from the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission's Market Information Data Analytics System (MIDAS), which aggregates consolidated feeds and direct proprietary feeds from each U.S. stock exchange. This paper provides evidence that high-frequency traders have numerous opportunities to realize profits from latency arbitrage. These opportunities are significantly more prevalent in larger stocks and on certain exchanges. I estimate that total potential profit from latency arbitrage opportunities in S&P 500 ticker symbols was approximately $3.03 billion in 2014.

Keywords: high-frequency trading, latency arbitrage, market data

JEL Classification: G10

Suggested Citation

Wah, Elaine, How Prevalent and Profitable are Latency Arbitrage Opportunities on U.S. Stock Exchanges? (February 8, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2729109 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2729109

Elaine Wah (Contact Author)

IEX Group, Inc. ( email )

4 World Trade Center
44th Floor
New York, NY 10007
United States

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