Invariance of Buy-Sell Switching Points
27 Pages Posted: 11 Feb 2016 Last revised: 30 Oct 2016
Date Written: October 26, 2016
Define the number of buy-sell “switching points” as the number of times that individual traders change the direction of their trading. Based on the hypothesis that switching points take place in business time, market microstructure invariance predicts that the aggregate number of switching points is proportional to the 2/3 power of the product of dollar volume and volatility. Using trading data from the Korea Exchange (KRX) from 2008 to 2010, we estimate the exponent to be 0.675 with standard error of 0.005. Invariance explains about 93% of the variation in the logarithm of the number of switching points each month across stocks. Most of the variation represents changes in the number of accounts trading the stock and not the number of switching points per account.
Keywords: finance, market microstructure, invariance, trading volume, volatility, liquidity, price impact, market depth
JEL Classification: G00, G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation