Fostering Recycling Participation in Wisconsin Households through Single-Stream Programs
Land Economics, Forthcoming
52 Pages Posted: 13 Feb 2016 Last revised: 3 Aug 2016
Date Written: August 1, 2016
Single-stream recycling enables households to recycle an unsorted mix of cans, plastic, glass, and paper, thereby reducing recycling costs. The expansion of single-stream recycling in Wisconsin provides a natural experiment to assess the extent to which single-stream increases recycling behavior. Using a longitudinal database that matches household recycling participation to county-level recycling policies from Wisconsin, we identify respondent and county characteristics that promote recycling. The results of both fixed effects regressions and a differences-in-differences analysis demonstrate that single-stream programs increase recycling within households. The shift from dual to single-stream has benefits exceeding costs.
Keywords: recycling, single-stream recycling, natural experiment, difference-in-difference
JEL Classification: K32, Q28, R2
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation