Synthetic Hedge Funds
25 Pages Posted: 16 Feb 2016 Last revised: 15 Jun 2016
Date Written: February 16, 2016
We provide evidence on the performance and the replication success of a broad sample of 72 synthetic hedge funds from January 2009 to December 2013. Thereby, we assign the term 'synthetic hedge fund' to mutual funds and exchange-traded funds with hedge fund indices as their benchmarks. Replication success is measured through different perspectives from distributional characteristics to risk-adjusted performance. We find an overall significant underperformance of synthetic hedge funds compared to an appropriate benchmark index. Furthermore, mutual funds (associated with active portfolio management) can produce return characteristics closer to hedge fund benchmarks than exchange-traded funds (associated with passive management). From a single strategy perspective, we find a picture of heterogeneity. Regarding the market environment, we show larger return differences for unusual market conditions than for regular ones.
Keywords: Clone, Hedge Fund Clones, Hedge Fund, Synthetic Hedge Funds, Indexing, Replication
JEL Classification: G11, G12, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation