Identifying Ideology: Experimental Evidence on Anti-Americanism in Pakistan

69 Pages Posted: 17 Feb 2016

See all articles by Leonardo Bursztyn

Leonardo Bursztyn

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Anderson School of Management

Michael Callen

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Bruno Ferman

Sao Paulo School of Economics - FGV

Saad Gulzar

Stanford University - Department of Political Science

Syed Ali Hasanain

Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS); University of Oxford

Noam Yuchtman

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business

Date Written: February 2016

Abstract

Identifying the role of intrinsic, ideological motivation in political behavior is confounded by agents' consequential aims and social concerns. We present results from two experiments that implement a methodology isolating Pakistani men's intrinsic motives for expressing anti-American ideology, in a context with clearly-specified financial costs, but minimal consequential or social considerations. Over one-quarter of subjects forgo around one-fifth of a day's wage to avoid anonymously checking a box indicating gratitude toward the U.S. government, thus revealing anti-Americanism. We find that ideological expression responds to financial and social incentives, and that measured ideology predicts membership in a major anti-American political party.

Keywords: Ideology, Political Expression, Political Participation, Revealed Preference Measurement

JEL Classification: C90, D03, P16

Suggested Citation

Bursztyn, Leonardo and Callen, Michael and Ferman, Bruno and Gulzar, Saad and Hasanain, Syed Ali and Yuchtman, Noam, Identifying Ideology: Experimental Evidence on Anti-Americanism in Pakistan (February 2016). CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP11106. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2733079

Leonardo Bursztyn (Contact Author)

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) - Anderson School of Management ( email )

110 Westwood Plaza
Los Angeles, CA 90095-1481
United States

Michael Callen

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Bruno Ferman

Sao Paulo School of Economics - FGV ( email )

Rua Itapeva n 474
Sao Paulo, DC 01332-000 20052
Brazil

HOME PAGE: http://https://sites.google.com/site/brunoferman/

Saad Gulzar

Stanford University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Syed Ali Hasanain

Lahore University of Management Sciences (LUMS) ( email )

D.H.A, Lahore Cantt
Lahore, Punjab 54792
Pakistan

University of Oxford

Mansfield Road
Oxford, Oxfordshire OX1 4AU
United Kingdom

Noam Yuchtman

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business ( email )

545 Student Services Building, #1900
2220 Piedmont Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

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