Growth, Urbanization, and Poverty Reduction in India
50 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016
Date Written: February 17, 2016
Longstanding development issues are revisited in the light of a newly-constructed data set of poverty measures for India spanning 60 years, including 20 years since reforms began in earnest in 1991. The study finds a downward trend in poverty measures since 1970, with an acceleration post-1991, despite rising inequality. Faster poverty decline came with higher growth and a more pro-poor pattern of growth. Post-1991 data suggest stronger inter-sectoral linkages: urban consumption growth brought gains to the rural as well as the urban poor, and the primary-secondary-tertiary composition of growth has ceased to matter, as all three sectors contributed to poverty reduction.
Keywords: Services & Transfers to Poor, Inequality, Pro-Poor Growth, Rural Poverty Reduction
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