Recent Competition Policy Developments in Hungary – Unfair Commercial Practices, Cartels and Abuse of Dominance
Yearbook of Antitrust and Regulatory Studies, Vol. 6, No. 8, 2013, pp. 173-190
18 Pages Posted: 26 Feb 2016
Date Written: July 31, 2013
This article introduces the most important Hungarian competition cases decided between the beginning of 2012 and May 2013. The paper presents legal novelties and issues which might prove interesting for an international readership in light of recent developments and focus of competition policy. Shown are both developments concerning unfair commercial practices and the UCP Directive 1 as well as anticompetitive agreements and abuse of dominance. Hungary has an enforcement system where the national competition authority, the Gazdasági Versenyhivatal (hereafter, GVH) is responsible for the enforcement of competition rules. Within the GVH the Competition Council is responsible for taking substantive decisions on infringements. The GVH is headed by a president and there are two vice-presidents supervising the operation of case handlers, while the other acts as the chairman of the Competition Council. The Competition Council consists of lawyers and economists who enjoy a quasi-judicial status. Decisions are made in proceeding councils composed of three or five members selected by the chairman of the Competition Council.
Keywords: Competition policy, Unfair Commercial Practices, Cartels, Abuse of Dominance, Hungary
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