Developing Norms for Cyber Conflict
21 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2016
Date Written: February 22, 2016
The prospect of cyber war has evolved from science fiction and doomsday depictions on television, films, and novels to reality and front page news. As early as 1982, a little-noticed but massive explosion of the trans-Siberian pipeline was caused by malware apparently inserted into Canadian software by the CIA. The CIA and Canadians knew that the software would be illegally acquired by Soviet agents. Although the incident greatly embarrassed the KGB, the Soviets never disclosed the incident or accused the United States of causing it. If a U.S. missile had struck the pipeline, the Soviets would have expressed their outrage publicly and almost surely would have retaliated.
Keywords: cyber war, cyber conflict, cyberespionage, cybersecurity, international law
JEL Classification: K33, N4
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation