Advances in Multivariate Back-testing for Credit Risk Underestimation
35 Pages Posted: 5 Jul 2016
Date Written: February 24, 2016
When back-testing the calibration quality of rating systems two-sided statistical tests can detect over- and under-estimation of credit risk. Some users though, such as risk-averse investors and regulators, are primarily interested in the under-estimation of risk only, and thus require one-sided tests. The established one-sided tests are multiple tests, which assess each rating class of the rating system separately and then combine the results to an overall assessment. However, these multiple tests may fail to detect under-performance of the whole rating system. Aiming to improve the overall assessment of rating systems, this paper presents a set of one-sided tests, which assess the performance of all rating classes jointly. These joint tests build on the method of Sterne  for ranking possible outcomes by probability, which allows to extend back-testing to a setting of multiple rating classes. The new joint tests are compared to the most established one-sided multiple test and are further shown to outperform this benchmark in terms of power and size of the acceptance region.
Keywords: credit ratings, probability of default, back-testing, one-sided
JEL Classification: C12, C52, G21, G24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation