Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Costs of Daycare 0–2 for Girls

Quaderni - Working Paper DSE N° 1056

48 Pages Posted: 24 Feb 2016

See all articles by Margherita Fort

Margherita Fort

University of Bologna; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute), Ifo Institute, Students; IZA

Andrea Ichino

University of Bologna

Giulio Zanella

University of Adelaide; University of Bologna

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: February 15, 2016

Abstract

Exploiting admission thresholds in a Regression Discontinuity Design, we study the causal effects of daycare at age 0–2 on cognitive and non-cognitive outcomes at age 8–14. One additional month in daycare reduces IQ by 0.5% (4.5% of a standard deviation). Effects for conscientiousness are small and imprecisely estimated. Psychologists suggest that children in daycare experience fewer one-to-one interactions with adults, which should be particularly relevant for girls who are more capable than boys of exploiting cognitive stimuli at an early age. In line with this interpretation, losses for girls are larger and more significant, especially in affluent families.

Keywords: daycare, childcare, child development, cognitive skills, non-cognitive skills

JEL Classification: J13, I20, I28, H75

Suggested Citation

Fort, Margherita and Ichino, Andrea and Zanella, Giulio, Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Costs of Daycare 0–2 for Girls (February 15, 2016). Quaderni - Working Paper DSE N° 1056. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2737370 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2737370

Margherita Fort (Contact Author)

University of Bologna ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40100
Italy

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute), Ifo Institute, Students ( email )

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich
Germany

IZA ( email )

Andrea Ichino

University of Bologna ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 1
40126 Bologna, fc 47100
Italy
+39 349 5965919 (Phone)

Giulio Zanella

University of Adelaide ( email )

Adelaide SA, 5005
Australia

University of Bologna ( email )

Piazza Scaravilli 2
Bologna, 40100
Italy

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