L'Immunité de Juridiction de l'Etat en Matière de Procédure Civile: Position de la Cour Internationale de Justice (The Jurisdiction of the State Immunity of Civil Procedure Material: Position of the International Court of Justice)

(2014) 20 NZACL Yearbook

(2015) 21 CLJP/JDCP 245-274.

Victoria University of Wellington Legal Research Paper No. 23/2019

32 Pages Posted: 1 Mar 2016 Last revised: 14 May 2019

See all articles by Alberto Costi

Alberto Costi

Victoria University of Wellington - Faculty of Law

Date Written: 2014

Abstract

French Abstract: Le 3 février 2012, la Cour internationale de justice (CIJ) rendait son jugement sur l'immunité juridictionnelle de l'Etat en matière de procédure civile. L'affaire concernait l'immunité de juridiction de l'Allemagne devant les instances judiciaires italiennes suite à la commission de violations graves du droit international humanitaire perpétrées par le Reich allemand contre des ressortissants italiens et grecs au cours de la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Tranchant en faveur de l'Etat allemand, la Cour affirmait dans son jugement majoritaire que la République italienne avait failli à son obligation de respecter l'immunité reconnue à l'Allemagne par le droit international. Après avoir décrit les faits de l'affaire et analysé la décision de la CIJ, l'auteur fait valoir que le jugement de la majorité fondé sur un raisonnement positiviste reflète l'état du droit international coutumier en matière d'immunité de l'Etat.

English Abstract: On 3 February 2012, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) delivered its judgment on the jurisdictional immunity of the State. The case concerned Germany's immunity before the Italian courts following the perpetration of grave violations of international humanitarian law by the German Reich against Italian and Greek citizens during World War II. Deciding the case in favour of Germany, the majority of the Court stated that the Republic of Italy had violated its obligation to respect the immunity recognised to Germany under international law. After describing the facts of the case and analysing the ICJ's decision, the author argues that the majority judgment is founded on a positivist approach reflecting the current state of customary international law on state immunity.

Note: Downloadable document is in French.

Keywords: international law, crimes, world war two, law of war, law of armed conflict, ICJ, customary international law, humanitarian law, international criminal law, immunity

JEL Classification: K00, K1, K14, K19, K2, K29, K3, K33, K39, K4, K40, K41, K42, K49

Suggested Citation

Costi, Alberto, L'Immunité de Juridiction de l'Etat en Matière de Procédure Civile: Position de la Cour Internationale de Justice (The Jurisdiction of the State Immunity of Civil Procedure Material: Position of the International Court of Justice) (2014). (2014) 20 NZACL Yearbook , (2015) 21 CLJP/JDCP 245-274., Victoria University of Wellington Legal Research Paper No. 23/2019, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2738215

Alberto Costi (Contact Author)

Victoria University of Wellington - Faculty of Law ( email )

PO Box 600
Wellington, 6140
New Zealand

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