Exclusion of Economic Operators from Public Procurement Procedures. A Comparative View on Selected Jurisdictions
M Burgi & M Trybus (eds), Qualification, Exclusion and Selection in EU Procurements, vol. 7 European Procurement Law Series (Copenhagen, DJØF, 2016) Forthcoming
13 Pages Posted: 29 Feb 2016 Last revised: 3 Mar 2016
Date Written: February 28, 2016
This chapter takes a comparative view on the rules applicable to the exclusion of economic operators from public procurement procedures covered by the EU rules. It focuses on seven Member States (France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Romania, Spain and the United Kingdom) and in their law, administrative and judicial practice under the framework created by Directive 2004/18. When possible, the chapter also looks into the likely changes that the transposition of Directive 2014/24 will bring about, particularly in those of the covered jurisdictions that have been quicker to move towards its transposition (namely, France, the United Kingdom and, to some extent, Germany). The chapter pays attention to both substantive and procedural issues regarding the exclusion of economic operators. Given that the 2004 framework was limited to substantive provisions (ie grounds for exclusion included in art 45 dir 2004/18), one would expect to see convergence on substantive issues, as well as a relatively high level of variety in both the procedural setting, the legal mechanisms and the actual practice of exclusion of economic operators. This chapter tests this intuition by looking in detail at several substantive and procedural regulatory choices adopted by the Member States, mostly under the 2004 framework. It then reflects on the implications of those findings for the implementation of the revised 2014 framework for the exclusion of economic operators from procurement procedures. The chapter submits that for discretion-oriented Member States the main challenges will revolve around compliance with the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, whereas for procedure-oriented Member States the challenges will lie in trying to gain advantage of the flexibility afforded by the new rules in Directive 2014/24, as well as to avoid liability for the imposition of unjustified requirements on economic operators.
Keywords: Public procurement, economic operators, exclusion, mandatory grounds, discretionary grounds, exclusion procedure, prohibitions to contract, suspension, debarment
JEL Classification: H57, K23, K42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation