After All These Years, Whatever Has Happened to the International Prevalence of Managerial Practices? Evidence from 60 Economies
33 Pages Posted: 3 Mar 2016
Date Written: February 29, 2016
According to a widely accepted narrative, managerial reforms associated with so-called New Public Management originated in wealthy market economies and liberal democracies, and they were supposedly promoted globally. What has happened to their international prevalence, however, remains inadequately evidenced and mysterious. Examining the area of education, this descriptive study reveals the prevalence of selected managerial practices, namely, (i) performance appraisals linked with rewards, (ii) decentralization, and (iii) goal orientation, in 60 economies as of 2012. Interestingly enough, some practices tended to be more institutionalized in less accountable and less wealthy governments than in reform pioneers. The United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam were among the most intensive users of performance appraisals. More empirical evidence from a range of public services across time will clarify the “who is doing what” narrative that seems to influence the global reform discourse. Such evidence can further generate empirically grounded research questions.
Keywords: Performance appraisal, decentralization, management-by-objectives, education, isomorphism, public management, performance management, new public management
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