Internal Security Cooperation Under Functional Expectations: Initial Law Enforcement Europeanization -- Case of Finland and Estonia
Romanian Journal of European Affairs, Vol 16, No 1, March 2016
19 Pages Posted: 1 Mar 2016
Date Written: March 1, 2016
Law enforcement cooperation as a central part of the EU internal security policy to combat cross-border organised crime and terrorism needs to be more effective by adopting specific provisions and tools. This paper argues that functional expectations require removal of barriers and construction of a common security area, but sometimes better cooperation in practice does not fit, as Europeanization of law enforcement still lacks understanding of objectives, values and principles for improving international trust, consensus, sincere cooperation and effective national coordination. The level of Europeanization of law enforcement could be evaluated as based on the level of implementation of the EU provisions on police cooperation related to practical enforcement, factors promoting or hindering law enforcement and changes in discursive practices due to EU provisions and professional socialisation processes. Some aspects of observed inertia characterizes the slow process of transition or tendencies for absorption in which resilience meets the necessary degree of flexibility allowing for some mutual learning and cooperation, but the result is expectedly a form of accommodation of needful policy requirements in the lack of substantial change perspective.
Keywords: Law enforcement, EU Justice and Home Affairs (JHA), Area of Freedom, Security and Justice (AFSJ), Europeanization
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