Toward a Global Regime of Vessel Anti-Fouling

17 Pages Posted: 4 Mar 2016

See all articles by James Kraska

James Kraska

Stockton Center for International Law, U.S. Naval War College; Harvard University - Harvard Law School; University of California Berkeley School of Law; Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)

Daniel Rittschof

Duke University

Date Written: March 2, 2016

Abstract

Vessel anti-fouling is key to the efficient operation of ships, and essential for effective control of invasive species introduced through international shipping. Anti-Fouling Systems, however, pose their own threats to marine environments. The Anti-Fouling Convention of 2001 banned the use of organotin compounds such as Tributyltin, and created a system for adoption of alternative anti-fouling biocides. In 2011, the Marine Environmental Protection Committee of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) released guidelines on bio-fouling management record keeping, installation, inspection, cleaning, maintenance, design and construction. Though these Guidelines provide a template for more effective and environmentally sound anti-fouling control and implementation, they are not mandatory. This article proposes that the member states of the IMO adopt the 2011 Guidelines as a mandatory instrument.

Keywords: Marine pollution, UNCLOS, Anti-Fouling, Shipping

Suggested Citation

Kraska, James and Rittschof, Daniel, Toward a Global Regime of Vessel Anti-Fouling (March 2, 2016). Duke Environmental Law & Policy Forum, Vol. 26, 2016, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2741318

James Kraska (Contact Author)

Stockton Center for International Law, U.S. Naval War College ( email )

686 Cushing Rd.
Newport, RI 02841
United States
(401) 841-1536 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.usnwc.edu/Academics/Faculty/James-C--Kraska.aspx

Harvard University - Harvard Law School ( email )

1563 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

University of California Berkeley School of Law ( email )

215 Boalt Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.law.berkeley.edu

Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) ( email )

The Harold Pratt House
58 East 68th Street
New York, NY 10021
United States

Daniel Rittschof

Duke University ( email )

100 Fuqua Drive
Durham, NC 27708-0204
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
42
Abstract Views
250
PlumX Metrics