Anticipations of Monetary Policy in Financial Markets
38 Pages Posted: 14 Jul 2001
Date Written: May 2001
In recent years, financial markets appear better able to anticipate FOMC policy changes. Beginning in the late 1980s and early 1990s, longer-term interest rates and futures rates have tended to incorporate movements in the federal funds rate several months in advance, in contrast to the largely contemporaneous response typically observed before that time. After identifying these emerging trends, the paper parses the enhanced predictability into a component that can be attributed to the autoregressive behavior of the funds rate and a non-autoregressive component. The paper considers institutional developments in FOMC policy making that may have contributed to each of these components, including gradualism in adjusting the federal funds rate target and transparency regarding the setting of the target and future policy intentions.
Keywords: term structure, policy expectations, funds rate, monetary policy
JEL Classification: E43, E52, E5
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation