Multinationality and Corporate Ethics: Codes of Conduct in the Sporting Goods Industry
Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2001
Posted: 28 Aug 2001
The article analyses the evolution of codes of conduct in the sporting goods industry. It examines monitoring and compliance mechanisms included in the codes adopted and proposed by companies, societal organizations, business support groups and international organizations. Six companies (Nike, Reebok, Puma, Mizuno, Asics, Adidas and Mizuno, of which only the first four have a code), three business support groups (AAMA, AFA, AIP), three social interest groups (CEPAA, CCC, AHRC) and three international organisations (ILO, WFSGI, FIFA) are analysed. To obtain insight into the relative position of the industry, the codes applying specifically to this sector are compared to a reference set of 132 codes. The compliance likelihood and the stringency of a corporate code still largely depend on the interaction of various stakeholders in its formulation and implementation. The case of the sporting goods industry suggests that this dynamic process is heavily influenced by the domestic context and the nature of the industry, but also by the structure of companies' international production networks.
Note: This is a description of the article and not the actual abstract.
Keywords: Multinational corporations, social responsibility, corporate ethics, codes of conduct, internationalization, sporting goods industry
JEL Classification: F23, M14, L2, G38, H79
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation