The Influence of Individual and Organizational Variables on Organizational Commitment Among Nurses

31 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2016

See all articles by Alex Newman

Alex Newman

Deakin University - Faculty of Business and Law

Ingrid L. Nielsen

Deakin University

Russell Smyth

Monash University - Department of Economics

Date Written: March 6, 2016

Abstract

Demands on nurses in China are increasing following the introduction of China's 'New Healthcare Reform Program', leading to more stressful working conditions and increased burnout and turnover. Employing a social exchange framework, this study investigates emotional exhaustion and positive organizational support (POS) as individual level psychological mechanisms though which organizational level flexible work practices and staffing adequacy influence employee affective organizational commitment among 393 nurses from two hospitals in Zhejiang Province, China. We tested full and partial mediation models. POS partially mediated the relationship between employee perceptions of staffing adequacy and affective organizational commitment. POS also fully mediated the relationship between employee perceptions of flexible work schedules and affective organizational commitment; however emotional exhaustion did not mediate the flexibility of work schedules -- affective commitment relationship or the flexibility of work schedules -- affective commitment relationship. Our results highlight links between organization practice and employee outcomes, informing future practice.

Keywords: China, Nurses, Social Exchange Theory; Organizational Support

Suggested Citation

Newman, Alex and Nielsen, Ingrid L. and Smyth, Russell, The Influence of Individual and Organizational Variables on Organizational Commitment Among Nurses (March 6, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2742938 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2742938

Alex Newman

Deakin University - Faculty of Business and Law ( email )

Burwood, Victoria 3215
Australia

Ingrid L. Nielsen

Deakin University ( email )

70 Elgar Road
Burwood, Victoria 3125
Australia

Russell Smyth (Contact Author)

Monash University - Department of Economics ( email )

Wellington Road
Clayton, Victoria 3
Australia

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