Does the Effect of Pollution on Infant Mortality Differ between Developing and Developed Countries? Evidence from Mexico City

24 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2016

See all articles by Eva Arceo-Gomez

Eva Arceo-Gomez

Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE)

Rema Hanna

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Paulina Oliva

University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) - Department of Economics

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Date Written: March 2016

Abstract

Much of what we know about the marginal effect of pollution on infant mortality is derived from developed country data. However, given the lower levels of air pollution in developed countries, these estimates may not be externally valid to the developing country context if there is a non‐linear dose relationship between pollution and mortality or if the costs of avoidance behaviour differ considerably between the two contexts. In this article, we estimate the relationship between pollution and infant mortality using data from Mexico. Our estimates for PM tend to be similar (or even smaller) than the US estimates, while our findings on CO tend to be larger than those derived from the US context.

Suggested Citation

Arceo-Gomez, Eva and Hanna, Rema and Oliva, Paulina, Does the Effect of Pollution on Infant Mortality Differ between Developing and Developed Countries? Evidence from Mexico City (March 2016). The Economic Journal, Vol. 126, Issue 591, pp. 257-280, 2016. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2742968 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecoj.12273

Eva Arceo-Gomez

Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) ( email )

Carretera México,
Toluca 3655 Col. Lomas de Santa Fe
Mexico City, Mexico D.F. 01210
Mexico

Rema Hanna (Contact Author)

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Paulina Oliva

University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) - Department of Economics ( email )

2127 North Hall
Santa Barbara, CA 93106
United States

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