Start-Up Financing

23 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2016

See all articles by Seth Oranburg

Seth Oranburg

Duquesne University - School of Law

Date Written: March 6, 2016


Entrepreneurs raise money for start-ups by acquiring debt, selling stock, mixing the two, and crowdfunding. This chapter explains the pros and cons of those start-up financing options. Start-ups must repay debt on time, which is hard for them to do before they start making profits. Stock investors collect repayment only when the start-up is acquired or goes public, but entrepreneurs cede some control of the start-up to stockholders. Hybrid options like convertible debt provide a temporary solution to some of financing problems. Crowdfunding is a new way to fundraise through peer-to-peer networks, but it works well only for a few types of start-ups. Entrepreneurs should perform careful analysis before choosing a fundraising option because fundraising has long-term consequences for start-ups.

Keywords: Angel, Capital, Company, Crowdfunding, Debt, Entrepreneurship, Equity, Financing, Fundraising, Investment, Start-up, Venture capital.

JEL Classification: G00, G3, M13, O16, G24, K22, K2

Suggested Citation

Oranburg, Seth, Start-Up Financing (March 6, 2016). Available at SSRN: or

Seth Oranburg (Contact Author)

Duquesne University - School of Law ( email )

600 Forbes Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15282
United States

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