That Was then, this is Now: Skills and Routinization in the 2000s.

82 Pages Posted: 7 Mar 2016

See all articles by Davide Consoli

Davide Consoli

INGENIO; MIoIR

Francesco Vona

Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) - Department for Research on Innovation and Competition

Francesco Rentocchini

Southampton Business School, University of Southampton

Date Written: September 1, 2014

Abstract

We analyze changes in the skill content of occupations in US four-digit manufacturing industries between 1999 and 2010. Following a ‘task-based’ approach, we elaborate a measure of Non-Routine skill intensity that captures the effects of industry exposure to both technology and international trade. The paper adds to previous literature by focusing on both the determinants of demand for Non-Routine skills and their effects on industry productivity and wages. The key finding is that import competition from low-wage countries has been a strong driver of demand for Non-Routine skills during the 2000s. Both technology and trade with low-wage countries are associated with mild cross-industry convergence in skill intensity while trade with high and medium wage countries are at root of persistent heterogeneity across occupational groups. We also find that higher Non-Routine skill intensity has had at best a modest effect on productivity and wages, except for high-skill occupations.

Suggested Citation

Consoli, Davide and Vona, Francesco and Rentocchini, Francesco, That Was then, this is Now: Skills and Routinization in the 2000s. (September 1, 2014). SWPS 2014-18. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2743111 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2743111

Davide Consoli (Contact Author)

INGENIO ( email )

Ciudad de la Innovacion
Camin de Vera
Valencia, Valencia 46022
Spain
+34963877048 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ingenio.upv.es/

MIoIR ( email )

Booth Street West
Manchester, M15 6PB
United Kingdom
+441612757372 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.manchester.ac.uk/research/davide.consoli/

Francesco Vona

Observatoire Français des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) - Department for Research on Innovation and Competition ( email )

250 rue Albert Einstein
Valbonne, 06560
France

HOME PAGE: http://www.ofce.sciences-po.fr/ofce/dric.htm

Francesco Rentocchini

Southampton Business School, University of Southampton ( email )

University Rd.
Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire SO17 1LP
United Kingdom

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