Breaking Bad: Public Pensions and the Loss of that Old-Time Fiscal Religion

The Independent Review: A Journal of Political Economy, Forthcoming

27 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2016 Last revised: 25 Sep 2019

See all articles by Daniel J. Smith

Daniel J. Smith

Political Economy Research Institute and Department of Economics and Finance at Middle Tennessee State University

Rania Al-Bawwab

Political Economy Research Institute and Department of Economics and Finance at Middle Tennessee State University

Date Written: March 24, 2016

Abstract

Despite the widespread adoption and strict enforcement of balanced budget requirements, U.S. state and local governments have accumulated trillions in unfunded pension liabilities. While many casual factors for this growth in unfunded liabilities, including liberal discount rates and inadequate funding policy, have been identified, the broader role of public choice explanations is contested in the literature. This paper contributes to this literature by offering a previously overlooked public choice explanation; the undermining of the “old-time fiscal religion.” According to this theory, balanced budgets provide taxpayer constraint on government spending by signaling a taxpayer willingness to pay assessment of government expenditures. Public choice scholars used this theory to explain the growth in federal deficit spending after Keynesian economics overturned the historic tradition of maintaining balanced budgets. Similarly, defined benefit public pensions, which allowed policymakers to make retirement promises to current employees without adequately funding these obligations, enabled policymakers to circumvent traditional balanced budget requirements, thereby undermining taxpayer constraint. Transitioning public pensions to defined contribution retirement accounts would help restore this taxpayer constraint.

Keywords: public pensions, budget constraints, old-time fiscal religion, public choice

JEL Classification: E12, H75

Suggested Citation

Smith, Daniel J. and Al-Bawwab, Rania, Breaking Bad: Public Pensions and the Loss of that Old-Time Fiscal Religion (March 24, 2016). The Independent Review: A Journal of Political Economy, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2743279 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2743279

Daniel J. Smith (Contact Author)

Political Economy Research Institute and Department of Economics and Finance at Middle Tennessee State University ( email )

MTSU Box 190
1301 E. Main St.
Murfreesboro, TN 37132-0001
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.danieljosephsmith.com/

Rania Al-Bawwab

Political Economy Research Institute and Department of Economics and Finance at Middle Tennessee State University ( email )

MTSU Box 190
1301 E. Main St.
Murfreesboro, TN 37132
United States
3373829397 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.mtsu.edu/peri/phd-fellows.php

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