Child Care and the Welfare to Work Transition

Wellesley College Working Paper No. 2001-02

30 Pages Posted: 10 Jul 2001

See all articles by Ann Dryden Witte

Ann Dryden Witte

Wellesley College - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Robert J. Lemke

Lake Forest College - Department of Economics

Robert Witt

University of Surrey

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 13, 2001

Abstract

We assess the role of child care in the welfare to work transition using an unusually large and comprehensive data base. Our data are for Massachusetts, a state that began welfare reform in 1995 under a federal waiver, for the period July 1996 through August 1997. We find that both the nature of the child care market and the availability and policies of subsidized care and early education affect the probability that current and former welfare recipients will work. Regarding the child care market, we find that the availability of care is most consistently related to employment. However, the price and quality of care also matter. We also find that increased funding for child care subsidies, and the availability of full day kindergarten and Head Start significantly increase the probability that current and former welfare recipients work. Higher state payments to providers are associated with increased probabilities of work. Finally, recipients are more likely to work when they are subject to a work requirement. The effects of imposing time limits on cash assistance are less clear.

Keywords: Child Care, Welfare Reform, Vouchers, Labor Supply, Time Limits

JEL Classification: 138, H40, J22, 120

Suggested Citation

Dryden Witte, Ann and Lemke, Robert J. and Witt, Robert, Child Care and the Welfare to Work Transition (March 13, 2001). Wellesley College Working Paper No. 2001-02, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=274340 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.274340

Ann Dryden Witte (Contact Author)

Wellesley College - Department of Economics ( email )

106 Central Street
Wellesley, MA 02181
United States
781-283-2163 (Phone)
781-283-2177 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Robert J. Lemke

Lake Forest College - Department of Economics ( email )

555 N. Sheridan Road
Lake Forest, IL 60045
847-735-5143 (Phone)
847-735-6193 (Fax)

Robert Witt

University of Surrey ( email )

Guildford
Guildford, Surrey GU2 5XH
United Kingdom

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
109
Abstract Views
3,163
rank
190,229
PlumX Metrics