Real Estate Company Reactions to Financial Market Regulation

35 Pages Posted: 9 Mar 2016  

Martin Hoesli

University of Geneva - Geneva School of Economics and Management (GSEM); University of Aberdeen - Business School; Swiss Finance Institute; University of Geneva - Geneva Finance Research Institute

Stanimira Milcheva

University of Reading - Henley Business School

Alex Moss

University of Reading - Henley Business School; City University London - Sir John Cass Business School

Date Written: February 29, 2016

Abstract

This study investigates the impact of international financial regulation on listed real estate companies. In particular, we look at how three regulatory reforms undertaken in the aftermath of the global financial crisis have affected returns and credit default swap (CDS) spreads of real estate companies. The three reforms are aimed at regulating different segments of the market – Basel III targets banks, and could restrict the availability of bank debt to the sector, the Alternative Investment Fund Management Directive (AIFMD) targets funds, which could increase compliance costs and reduce the potential investor pool, while the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (EMIR) is aimed at derivative trading and could impact the cost of debt capital. We employ an event study methodology using daily financial market data and identify the regulatory events through news in the media. Regulatory event are identified based on news articles in major international financial newspapers and news agencies related to above regulations. The results show that, on average, market participants trading real estate equities and CDSs respond significantly to announcements about Basel III, AIFMD and EMIR, however, we observe differences across the countries the types of companies (large versus small, more leveraged versus less leveraged) and across the regulations. The strongest effects for equity are associated with Basel III and AIFMD. The effects on the credit side are much larger in scale but less frequent. The impact of the regulatory reforms is strongest for UK property companies, large companies and companies with high leverage. Overall, albeit not directly, the performance of listed property companies is significantly affected by news about financial regulatory reforms.

Keywords: Financial market regulation, Basel III, AIFMD, EMIR, event study, listed property companies, CAPM

JEL Classification: G14, G28, R30

Suggested Citation

Hoesli, Martin and Milcheva, Stanimira and Moss, Alex, Real Estate Company Reactions to Financial Market Regulation (February 29, 2016). Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper No. 16-20. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2743730 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2743730

Martin Edward Ralph Hoesli

University of Geneva - Geneva School of Economics and Management (GSEM) ( email )

40 Boulevard du Pont d'Arve
Geneva 4, 1211
Switzerland
+41 22 379 8122 (Phone)
+41 22 379 8104 (Fax)

University of Aberdeen - Business School ( email )

Edward Wright Building
Dunbar Street
Aberdeen, Scotland AB24 3QY
United Kingdom
+41 22 379 8122 (Phone)
+41 22 379 8104 (Fax)

Swiss Finance Institute ( email )

24 rue du Général-Dufour
Geneva, CH - 1211
Switzerland

University of Geneva - Geneva Finance Research Institute ( email )

Geneva
Switzerland

Stanimira Milcheva (Contact Author)

University of Reading - Henley Business School ( email )

Greenlands
Reading, Henley on Thames RG6 6AH
United Kingdom

Alex Moss

University of Reading - Henley Business School ( email )

Greenlands
Reading, Henley on Thames RG6 6AH
United Kingdom

City University London - Sir John Cass Business School ( email )

106 Bunhill Row
London, EC1Y 8TZ
United Kingdom

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