Do Green Jobs Differ from Non-Green Jobs in Terms of Skills and Human Capital?
40 Pages Posted: 8 Mar 2016
Date Written: May 22, 2015
This paper elaborates an empirical analysis of labour force characteristics associated to environmental sustainability. Using data from the United States we compare green and non-green occupations to detect differences in terms of skill content and of human capital. The empirical profiling proposed here reveals that green jobs use non-routine (resp. routine) cognitive skills significantly more (resp. less) than non-green jobs. Green occupations also exhibit higher levels of formal education, work experience and on-the-job training. While preliminary, our exploratory exercise seeks to call attention to an underdeveloped theme, namely the labour market implications associated with the transition towards green growth.
Keywords: Skills, Green Jobs, Task Model, Human Capital
JEL Classification: J21, J24, O31, O33, Q20, Q40
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