Corporate Investment and Innovation in the Presence of Competitor Constraints
The Review of Financial Studies (RFS), Forthcoming
71 Pages Posted: 26 Sep 2018 Last revised: 8 Nov 2018
Date Written: November 5, 2018
We study the relation between investment behavior and competitor financial constraints. Using inter-firm patent citations and text-based product market similarities to identify intransitive competitor networks, we find that firms increase investment spending, patenting activity, and opportunistic hiring when competitor constraints become more binding. In addition, firms shift their investment composition (product market and patent portfolios) to compete more aggressively with relatively constrained competitors. To mitigate endogeneity concerns, we exploit the 2004 AJCA tax holiday and the 1989 junk bond crisis as exogenous shocks to competitor constraints, and we find similar effects.
Keywords: Financial Constraints, Investment, Competition, R&D, Product Markets, Patents
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