Solstices at the Hardknott Roman Fort

PHILICA Article number 442

8 Pages Posted: 10 Mar 2016

Date Written: December 17, 2014


From the most ancient times, the Roman military camps were planned according to a certain ideal pattern that was also applied to the coloniae, the outposts established in the territories conquered by Rome. The planning of castra and colonies was based on a chessboard of parallel streets, the main of them being the Decumanus. Probably, some Decumani were oriented to confer a symbolic meaning to the place too. Here we discuss the distinctive layout of a castrum in the Roman Britannia, the Hardknott Fort, and its orientation to the solstices.

Keywords: Archeoastronomy, Solar Orientation, Solstices, Urban Planning, Satellite Images, Google Earth.

Suggested Citation

Sparavigna, Amelia Carolina, Solstices at the Hardknott Roman Fort (December 17, 2014). PHILICA Article number 442, Available at SSRN:

Amelia Carolina Sparavigna (Contact Author)

Polytechnic University of Turin ( email )

Corso Duca degli Abruzzi, 24
Torino, Torino 10129

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