Impact of Shifting Cultivation in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh on the Growth of Microbial Organisms

18 Pages Posted: 10 Mar 2016

See all articles by Shafat Hosen

Shafat Hosen

University of Chittagong - Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences (IFES)

Ohidul Alam

East China University of Science and Technology

S. M. Sirajul Haque

University of Chittagong - Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences (IFES)

Date Written: March 10, 2016

Abstract

Deforestation is a major environmental problem in the Chittagong Hill Tracts (CHTs) of Bangladesh, triggered mostly by shifting cultivation. This study was conducted at Barkal Upazila in Rangamati District within the CHTs to explore the effect of shifting cultivation on biological soil properties. It revealed that both fungal and bacterial population were lower in the soil of shifting cultivation land (SCL) than in the soil of natural forest land (NFL). The highest fungal population was found in the subsurface soil at the hill bottoms in NFL, while the lowest fungal population was found in subsurface soil at the hill bottoms in SCL. While there were a variety of fungal genera present in both SCL and NFL soils (including Rhizophus, Asperzillus, Trichoderna, Peniciliium, Colletrotrichum, and Fusarium), the microbial genus of Mucor (which constitutes about 6 species of molds) was found only in NFL soil. It any case, the soil analysis shows that shifting cultivation has resulted in a great biological change in the soil.

Keywords: agriculture, shifting cultivation, soil properties, microbial organisms, development, Bangladesh

JEL Classification: Q15, Q18, Q34

Suggested Citation

Hosen, Shafat and Alam, Ohidul and Haque, S. M. Sirajul, Impact of Shifting Cultivation in the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh on the Growth of Microbial Organisms (March 10, 2016). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2746105 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2746105

Shafat Hosen

University of Chittagong - Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences (IFES) ( email )

Chittagong, 4331
Bangladesh

Ohidul Alam (Contact Author)

East China University of Science and Technology ( email )

Xuhui
Shanghai, Shanghai 200237
China
8613002176329 (Phone)
8613002176329 (Fax)

S. M. Sirajul Haque

University of Chittagong - Institute of Forestry and Environmental Sciences (IFES) ( email )

Chittagong, 4331
Bangladesh

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