Valuation Effects of Norway’s Board Gender-Quota Law Revisited
Management Science, Forthcoming
49 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2016 Last revised: 6 Feb 2022
Date Written: May 25, 2021
We highlight the complexities in estimating the valuation effects of board gender quotas by critically revisiting studies of Norway’s pioneering board gender-quota law. We use Ahern and Dittmar (2012)’s short-run event study to illustrate (1) the difficulties in attributing quota-related news to specific dates, (2) the need to account for contemporaneous cross-correlation of stock returns when judging the statistical significance of event-related abnormal stock returns, and (3) the fundamental difficulty of separating quota-induced valuation effects from the influences of firm characteristics and macroeconomic events such as the financial crisis. We provide new evidence suggesting that the valuation effect of Norway’s quota law was statistically insignificant. Overall, our evidence suggests that, at the time of the Norwegian quota, the supply of qualified female director candidates was high enough to avoid the negative consequences of the quota highlighted previously in the literature.
Keywords: gender quota; board diversity; valuation effect; return correlation; long-run performance
JEL Classification: G14, G34
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation