The Long Term Impact of War: Evidence on Disability Prevalence in Vietnam

34 Pages Posted: 16 Mar 2016

See all articles by Nora Groce

Nora Groce

University College London

Sophie Mitra

Fordham University

Daniel Mont

World Bank

Cuong Viet Nguyen

(NEU) National Economics University of Vietnam

Michael Palmer

University of Melbourne

Date Written: June 15, 2015

Abstract

This paper estimates the impact of exposure to US Air Force bombing during 1965-1975 on the disability status of individuals in Vietnam in 2009. Using national census data and an instrumental variable approach with the distance from the heavily bombed former North South Vietnam border as an instrument, the paper finds a positive and statistically significant impact of war time bombing exposure on district level disability rates more than thirty years after the end of the war. Impacts are highest for severe disability and among persons born before 1976. Smaller yet significant positive impacts are observed among persons born after the war due to on-going exposure to unexploded ordinance and likely other landmine and chemical weapons of war. The results are consistent with findings from other countries on the long-lasting effects of warfare on human populations.

Keywords: war, post-conflict, disability, health, Vietnam

JEL Classification: C4, H7, I1, P2

Suggested Citation

Groce, Nora and Mitra, Sophie and Mont, Daniel and Nguyen, Cuong Viet and Palmer, Michael, The Long Term Impact of War: Evidence on Disability Prevalence in Vietnam (June 15, 2015). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2748084 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2748084

Nora Groce

University College London ( email )

Gower Street
London, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

Sophie Mitra

Fordham University ( email )

441 East Fordham road
Bronx, NY 10458
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.fordham.edu/economics/mitra

Daniel Mont

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Cuong Viet Nguyen

(NEU) National Economics University of Vietnam ( email )

207 Giai phong Road
Hai Ba Trung District
Hanoi, Hanoi 10000
Vietnam

Michael Palmer (Contact Author)

University of Melbourne ( email )

185 Pelham Street
Carlton, Victoria 3053
Australia

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