Risky IP

63 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2016 Last revised: 1 Jul 2017

See all articles by Andres Sawicki

Andres Sawicki

University of Miami - School of Law

Date Written: February 1, 2016


This Article challenges a standard proposition in intellectual property theory: creators are risk averse and, by extension, IP risk is undesirable. The interdisciplinary field of creativity research suggests that this proposition is wrong. A willingness to take risks appears to be an essential part of the creative personality, and creative individuals may even prefer risk to certainty. Creativity research also indicates that risk might be an environmental factor facilitating creativity, whether or not creators themselves prefer it. As a result, IP scholars should not generally assume that creators are risk averse; instead, the most plausible starting point is that creators are risk seeking, at least compared to the general population and perhaps even in absolute terms. More generally, IP scholars must take a more nuanced approach to the impact of IP risk than the simplified risk-preference approach they have pursued thus far.

The analysis here has significant implications for many persistent questions in IP law and policy. Uncertain doctrines, like the fair use defense in copyright law, might not be as problematic as ordinarily assumed. And efforts to make IP more predictable, like the Supreme Court’s recent opinion in Nautilus v. Biosig, may have hidden costs. Most fundamentally, the analysis suggests that patents and copyrights — rewards of uncertain value — are better able to stimulate creativity than more predictable mechanisms like grants or salaries.

Keywords: intellectual property, patent, copyright, creativity, risk, uncertainty, psychology, decision making, law and economics, behavioral economics

JEL Classification: D81, H41, K00, K39, O31, O34

Suggested Citation

Sawicki, Andres, Risky IP (February 1, 2016). Loyola University Chicago Law Journal, Vol. 48(1), p. 81, 2016, University of Miami Legal Studies Research Paper No. 16-18, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2748356 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2748356

Andres Sawicki (Contact Author)

University of Miami - School of Law ( email )

P.O. Box 248087
Coral Gables, FL 33146
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics