International Health Research After Schrems v. Data Protection Commissioner
Hastings Center Report, April 2016; 5-6
2 Pages Posted: 19 Mar 2016 Last revised: 9 Sep 2016
Date Written: March 17, 2016
On October 6, 2015, in Schrems v. Data Protection Commissioner, the European Court of Justice, the European Union's highest court, held that the fifteen-year-old Safe Harbor Framework Agreement with the United States was invalid. Under the Agreement, about 4,500 American companies each year self-certified to the U.S. Department of Commerce that they were in compliance with essential privacy protections of the E.U. and therefore it was permissible for entities in the E.U. to send personal data to these American companies. According to the court, because some American companies were making their information available to U.S. government agencies, such as the National Security Agency (N.S.A.), the fundamental privacy interests of E.U. citizens were not being protected.
Keywords: International Law, Health research, European Union, Safe Harbor, Data protection, Privacy, Schrems
JEL Classification: K31, K32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation