On the 'Entry Options' for the 'Right to Love': Federalizing Legal Opportunities for LGBT Movements in the EU

Koen Slootmaeckers, Heleen Tourquet and Peter Vermeersch (eds.), The EU Enlargement and Gay Politics: The Impact of Eastern Enlargement on Rights, Activism and Prejudice, Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2016, pp. 69-96

EUI Department of Law Research Paper No. 2016/09

25 Pages Posted: 20 Mar 2016 Last revised: 10 Mar 2018

Dimitry Kochenov

University of Groningen - Faculty of Law

Uladzislau Belavusau

T.M.C. Asser Institute - University of Amsterdam; University of California, Berkeley - Berkeley Comparative Equality & Anti-Discrimination Law Study Group

Date Written: March 1, 2016

Abstract

This paper unfolds litigation opportunities for LGBT plaintiffs embedded in EU law. It explores both established tracks and future prospects for fostering the EU’s (at times half-hearted) goodbye to heteronormativity. The paper demonstrates how American federalism theories can pave the way for the "right to love" in the European Union, whose mobile sexual citizens are equally benefiting from the "leave" and "entry options", requiring more heteronormative states to comply with the approaches to sexuality adopted by their more tolerant peers. The relevance of this normative framework based on federal "entry options" for the EU is further exemplified by a recent judgment of the US Supreme Court in Obergefell v. Hodges (2015). The strategy of activating EU law in litigation for mobile couples could in the medium- to short-term perspective spill over the recognition of various forms of legal unions for gay and lesbian couples all over the Union, promoting tolerance, equality and respect. The paper reveals that Citizenship Directive 2004/38/EC and actio popularis at the national level offer two major federal keys for activating this anticipated sexual emancipation via EU law.

Keywords: LGBT rights; EU law; Non-discrimination; Federalism; Freedom of intimate association

Suggested Citation

Kochenov, Dimitry and Belavusau, Uladzislau, On the 'Entry Options' for the 'Right to Love': Federalizing Legal Opportunities for LGBT Movements in the EU (March 1, 2016). Koen Slootmaeckers, Heleen Tourquet and Peter Vermeersch (eds.), The EU Enlargement and Gay Politics: The Impact of Eastern Enlargement on Rights, Activism and Prejudice, Palgrave Macmillan, London, 2016, pp. 69-96; EUI Department of Law Research Paper No. 2016/09. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2750163 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2750163

Dimitry Kochenov

University of Groningen - Faculty of Law ( email )

Oude Kijk in 't Jatstraat 26
Groningen, 9712 EK
Netherlands

Uladzislau Belavusau (Contact Author)

T.M.C. Asser Institute - University of Amsterdam ( email )

R.J. Schimmelpennincklaan 20-22
The Hague, 2517 JN
Netherlands

HOME PAGE: http://www.uva.nl/en/profile/b/e/u.belavusau/u.belavusau.html

University of California, Berkeley - Berkeley Comparative Equality & Anti-Discrimination Law Study Group

Boalt Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720-7200
United States

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