Disentangling Neighborhood Effects in Person-Context Research: An Application of a Neighborhood-Based Group Decomposition

20 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2016

See all articles by Matt Vogel

Matt Vogel

University of Missouri at Saint Louis - Department of Criminology & Criminal Justice

Maarten van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies; University of St. Andrews; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Abstract

This paper proposes a framework to assess how compositional differences at the neighborhood level contribute to the moderating effect of neighborhood context on the association between individual risk-factors and delinquency. We propose a neighborhood-based group decomposition to partition person-context interactions into their constituent components. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, we demonstrate the extent to which variation in the association between impulsivity and delinquency can be attributed to (1) differences in mean-levels of impulsivity and violence in disadvantaged neighborhoods and (2) differences in coefficients across neighborhoods. The moderating effect of neighborhood disadvantage can be attributed primarily to the stronger effect of impulsivity on violence in disadvantaged neighborhoods, while differences in average levels of violence and impulsivity account for 14 percent and 2 percent of the observed difference, respectively.

Keywords: person-context research, neighborhood effects, decomposition

JEL Classification: C02, R23

Suggested Citation

Vogel, Matt and van Ham, Maarten, Disentangling Neighborhood Effects in Person-Context Research: An Application of a Neighborhood-Based Group Decomposition. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9793, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2750276

Matt Vogel (Contact Author)

University of Missouri at Saint Louis - Department of Criminology & Criminal Justice ( email )

One University Boulevard
324 Lucas Hall
St. Louis, MO 63121-4499
United States

Maarten Van Ham

Delft University of Technology - OTB Research Institute for Housing, Urban and Mobility Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 5043
2600 GA Delft
Netherlands
+31 15 278 2782 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.maartenvanham.nl

University of St. Andrews ( email )

North St
Saint Andrews, Fife KY16 9AJ
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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