Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten

68 Pages Posted: 21 Mar 2016

See all articles by Maria Caridad Araujo

Maria Caridad Araujo

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Pedro Manuel Carneiro

University College London - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Yyannu Cruz-Aguayo

Inter-American Development Bank

Norbert Schady

World Bank - Development Research Group

Abstract

We assigned two cohorts of kindergarten students, totaling more than 24,000 children, to teachers within schools with a rule that is as-good-as-random. We collected data on children at the beginning of the school year, and applied 12 tests of math, language and executive function (EF) at the end of the year. All teachers were filmed teaching for a full day, and the videos were coded using a well-known classroom observation tool, the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (or CLASS).We find substantial classroom effects: A one-standard deviation increase in classroom quality results in 0.11, 0.11, and 0.07 standard deviation higher test scores in language, math, and EF, respectively. Teacher behaviors, as measured by the CLASS, are associated with higher test scores. Parents recognize better teachers, but do not change their behaviors appreciably to take account of differences in teacher quality.

Keywords: teacher quality, learning, test scores

JEL Classification: I24, I25

Suggested Citation

Araujo, Maria Caridad and Carneiro, Pedro Manuel and Cruz Aguayo, Yyannu and Schady, Norbert, Teacher Quality and Learning Outcomes in Kindergarten. IZA Discussion Paper No. 9796, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2750279

Maria Caridad Araujo (Contact Author)

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ( email )

1300 New York Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Pedro Manuel Carneiro

University College London - Department of Economics ( email )

Gower Street
London WC1E 6BT, WC1E 6BT
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Yyannu Cruz Aguayo

Inter-American Development Bank ( email )

Norbert Schady

World Bank - Development Research Group ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

HOME PAGE: http://econ.worldbank.org/staff/nschady

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